Ruaha National Park is the largest national park in Tanzania. It covers an area of about 22,000 km². It is located in the middle of Tanzania about 130 km from Iringa. The park is part of a more extensive ecosystem which includes Rungwa Game Reserve, Usangu Game Reserve, and several other protected areas. The name of the park is derived from the Great Ruaha River, which flows along its south-eastern margin and is the focus for game-viewing. The park can be reached by scheduled and/or charter flights (airstrip at Msembe) from Dar es Salaam,Selous,Serengeti, Arusha, Iringa and Mbeya, road access through Iringa from Dar es Salaam (about 10 hours) via Mikumi or from Arusha via Dodoma. Best time; For predators and large mammals, dry season (mid-May-December); bird-watching, lush scenery and wild flowers, wet season (January-April). The male greater kudu is most visible in June, the breeding season.
Ruaha is famous for its large population of Elephants. Presently about 10.000 are roaming the park. Ruaha National Park is also a true birdwatchers paradise: 436 species have been identified of an estimated total of 475. Among the resident birds are different species of Hornbills, Kingfishers and Sunbirds. Also many migrants visit Ruaha, e.g. the White Stork, Other special animals in Ruaha are: the African Wild Dog and Sable Antelope. Day walks or hiking safaris through untouched bush, Stone age ruins at Isimila, near Iringa, 120 km (75 miles) away, one of Africa’s most important historical sites.